kudzu scientific name

This massive covering often chokes out competing native vegetation that provides food and habitat for native animals. It grows over other plants and trees, stealing its light and leaving the native plants to die. Common Name: Kudzu. Common Name: Kudzu Scientific Name: Pueraria montana, also called Pueraria lobata. is a vigorous, dense-growing vine cultivated in tropical countries as a cover crop, green manure and fodder for livestock. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. They contain a large percentage of starch but are also fibrous at that size. Before applying herbicide, sever climbing vines in trees at ground level. var. Scientific name: Pueraria species (P. lobata, P. montana, P. edulis, P. phaseoloides and P. thomsoni) Abundance: plentiful ... Kudzu roots can grow to enormous sizes, eight feet long and over 200 pounds! Merr. Pueraria montana (Lour.) The kudzu. The Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Library says this about kudzu: ————— Scientific name: Pueraria montana; a subdivision of Phaseoleae, the group that includes peas and beans. Invasive Kudzu vine is also known as ‘the vine that ate … It was first introduced to the United States during the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition in 1876 where it was touted as a great ornamental plant for its sweet-smelling blooms and sturdy vines. Omissions? Scientific Name Synonyms. A single root crown may produce as many as 30 vines, which become hairy and woody and expand out in all directions. lobate) Watch List Kudzu is a vine that extends 32-100 feet, with up to 30 vines per plant. var. Megacopta cribraria, also called the bean plataspid, kudzu bug, globular stink bug and lablab bug, is a shield bug native to India and China, where it is an agricultural pest of lablab beans and other legumes. The most common synonyms are Pueraria lobata (Willd.) It has large compound leaves with three broad leaflets with hairy margins. In the scientific world this plant is often known as the Genus Pueraria. Kudzu is a perennial, trailing vine that can grow up to 1 foot a day and as long as 98 feet. Northern winters tend to kill the plant’s stems but allow the roots to survive. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Plant Control:Mature patches of Kudzu can be difficult to contain let alone control. If possible, mow or weed-eat ground level patches during the growing season so that root crowns are visible. Kudzu was initially taken to North America in the late 1800s as an ornamental, and farmers were encouraged to plant it to anchor steep banks of soil and thereby prevent erosion. Kudzu can be controlled with glyphosate but it may take several years of follow-up treatments to achieve eradication. Kudzu originally was introduced into the U.S. from Asia in the late 1800s for erosion control and as a livestock forage. lobata (Willd.) Classification: Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Rosales Family: Leguminosae Subfamily: Papilionoideae. The leaves are alternate and pinnately compound, with three leaflets. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Kudzu is a perennial, semi-woody, climbing leguminous vine, of the tribe Phaseoleae Benth., subtribe Glycininae Benth. Kudzu. Pueraria montana … – kudzu. Maesen & S. Almeida . The leaves are alternate and pinnately compound, with three leaflets. Its name comes from the Japanese name for the plant, . The kudzu (pronounced kuzu) is a very unique invasive species. You can try using a 10% solution or painting the entire node with undiluted glyphosate concentrate (53.8% preferable) to see if that will inflict more damage to the large tuber-like root. Corrections? This aggressive vine can grow 60 feet per year forming a continuous blanket of foliage. vine, trailing or sprawling and climbing, herbaceous to semi-woody, hairy and green when young becoming hairless. The introduction of this aggressive invasive species led to its own problems, however, as kudzu overran native plants and trees, earning the nickname “the vine that ate the South.” In the…. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Pueraria montana . Control methods include herbicide sprays, manual cutting and mowing, and the use of goats and sheep. Distribution U.S. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... >kudzu, a leguminous vine, was frequently used to stabilize gullied areas and prevent erosion. The kudu relies heavily on close, dense thickets in which the kudu can escape to and hide when it feels threatened. The yellow-green to gray vine may reach a thickness of 10 inches in diameter. Introduction. The currently accepted scientific name for the species of kudzu that has become widely established throughout the southeastern United States is Pueraria montana (Lour.) Very few wildlife species use Kudzu. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. This species is Introduced in the United States. Persistence is the key. This Asian native first became popular in the southern United States, where it was planted on people’s porches. Family Name: Leguminosae. Identification: Kudzu is a deciduous woody vine that may reach 35 to 100 feet in length. Maesen & S. Almeida (Fabaceae) [25,63,68]. Although kudzu is no longer planted, we are still stuck with it growing along highways, in public parks, and abandoned lots. Subordinate Taxa. Kudzu is a useful fodder crop for livestock as well as an attractive ornamental. Invasive Species - (Pueraria montana var. The plant spreads vegetatively with stolons and rhizomes that root to form new clonal plants. Merr. kudzu. – kudzu P Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Tropical kudzu ( Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Alternative Native Species: Carolina Jessamine (Gelsemium sempervirens), Virgina Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia). lobata, Syn. I would say its an aggressive grower but thats not strong enough language. People were mesmerized … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Kudzu (Pueraria montana var. Family Name: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) - Pea or Bean Family. Identification: Kudzu is a deciduous woody vine that may reach 35 to 100 feet in length. Login to download data. It is attracted to white surfaces such as the walls of houses or white vehicles, because of the high reflectance of the white surfaces as … The bug, while harmless to houseplants and people, often enters houses. Common Name: Kudzu. Small, pealike lavender flowers appear in June to September. Monitor sprouting at root crowns each year thereafter and re-treat annually until control is achieved. Better known as “the plant that ate the south,” kudzu was purposefully planted all over the south in the early 20th century to reduce erosion from poor farming practices. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. States Counties Points List Species Info. Maesen and Almeida (Ward, 1998). This invasive vine colonizes by prolific growth along the ground and into tree canopies. Kudzu is a fast-growing vine native to the subtropical regions of China and Japan, as well as some other Pacific islands.1, 2 The plant consists of leaves (containing 3 broad oval leaflets), purple flowers, and curling tendril spikes.3, 4 Because the stem grows up to 20 m in length and due to its extensive root system, kudzu has been used to control soil erosion. Identification: A high climbing, trailing, twining deciduous woody vine, kudzu can be seen blanketing forests, abandoned houses, and whatever else might remain in its path. ... (2 ounces per 3-gallon mix) or Milestone VM* can safely treat kudzu under many desirable trees and shrubs if herbicide is not applied directly to them. The yellow-green to gray vine may reach a thickness of 10 inches in diameter. Scientific Name: Pueraria montana (Lour.) Kudzu is one crazy plant. Habitat: Kudzu is commonly found in disturbed areas such as roadsides, and prefers sandy areas with mild winters and hot summers. Kudzu is native to China and Japan, where it has long been grown for its edible starchy roots and for a fibre made from its stems. Merr. Kudzu (scientific name: Pueraria lobata) is now often seen as a blight on the southern landscape of the United States, but like many invasive plants it … Any mention of trade, products, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by North Carolina State University. Updates? Description. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Kudzu is a climbing vine native to Japan. If mechanical vine control prior to herbicide application is impractical, you can spray the stand with a 5% glyphosate and surfactant solution in late summer, but note that non-target plants may be at higher risk with this method. Identification Notes. Kudzu (Pueraria montana var. kudzu, kudzu vine. Kudzu is an invasive species because it is native to East and Southeast Asia, yet it has traveled and taken residence in places where it is not native. It can also be found in forests or meadows growing across the ground or attached to trees (pictured above). Scientific Name: Pueraria montana. Kudzu - or kuzu (クズ) - is native to Japan and southeast China. Merr. Life Cycle. Common Names. Family Fabaceae – Pea family Genus Pueraria DC. Kudzu, ( Pueraria montana ), twining perennial vine of the pea family ( Fabaceae ). Flattened pods, 1.5 to 3 inches in length, mature from September to January. The kudzu plant is native to Southeast Asia and Japan and was first introduced to the united states in 1876. Benth. Although there are stronger herbicides available, they may not be appropriate for use in the home landscape. The word is a corruption of “kuzu,“ the Japanese name for the plant. When using herbicides remember to follow label-recommendations. Scientific Name: Pueraria montana var. lobata (Willd.) The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. It has alternate, compound leaves with three broad leaflets and in late summer produces purple individual flowers that grow in upright clusters. It now is known commonly as the vine that ate the south. It can grow up and cover a 200 foot tall tree in one season. lobata (Willd.) Clearly the plant contains some vitality compounds and, according to the Japanese, some very health building comoounds as well. kudzu Pueraria montana var. Kudzu, (Pueraria montana), twining perennial vine of the pea family (Fabaceae). Kudzu is a fast-growing, woody, somewhat hairy vine that may grow to a length of 18 metres (60 feet) in one season and features a substantial taproot. The result is a large-scale alteration of biotic communities. Stems. The kudu is a sub-species of antelope that is found inhabiting mixed shrub woodland, and savanna plains in eastern and southern Africa. Merr. Throughout this summary, the common name "kudzu… Pueraria thunbergiana (Siebold & Zucc.) fast-growing vine native to the subtropical regions of China and Japan The kudzu species present in the United States is currently considered Pueraria montana (Lour.) The plant bears long racemes of late-blooming reddish purple flowers and flat hairy seed pods. NOW 50% OFF! Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Kudzu is native to China and Japan, where it has long been grown for its edible starchy roots and for a fibre made from its stems. 2010) Pueraria lobata (Lour.) (Maesen, 1985). lobata (Willd.) P. lobata) is an invasive plant in Queensland. Kudzu (scientific name Pueraria lobata) vine also goes by other whimsical names; some people call it the foot-a-night vine because of its ability to grow fast and encroach over anything that is foolish enough to stay in its path. Kudzu. lobata) is very similar to tropical kudzu (Pueraria phaseoloides), but these two species can be differentiated fron each other by the following differences: kudzu (Pueraria montana var. Kudzu is also an invasive species because it takes part in "interference competition". Present: AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MO, MD, MS, NC, NE, NJ, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WA, WV For a CAPS/CERIS/USDA map of past/presen… This article was most recently revised and updated by, University of Florida - IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants - Kudzu, New Georgia Encyclopedia - Geography and Environment - Kudzu, Missouri Department of Conservation - Kudzu, kudzu - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Kudzu is a useful fodder crop for livestock as well as an attractive ornamental. Benth.) Scientific Name: Pueraria montana (Lour.) Scientific Name: Pueraria lobata. Sometimes referred to as “the vine that ate the South,” the plant has become a rampant invasive species in parts of the southeastern United States and readily spreads over trees and shrubs, often killing them. Allow vines to re-sprout, then spot-spray the ground level foliage at the root crowns with a 5% solution of glyphosate with surfactant in late summer. Kudzu (; Pueraria lobata, and possibly other species in the genus Pueraria; see taxonomy section below) is a plant in the genus Pueraria in the pea family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.It is a climbing, coiling, and trailing vine native to southern Japan and southeast China. Merrill. Maesen & S. M. Almeida ex Sanjappa & Predeep (ITIS) However, it is an aggressive invasive species in some areas outside its native range. Kudzu is a restricted plant under Queensland legislation. introduced perennial, reproducing by seed and creeping roots. Scientific Name: Megacopta cribraria (F.) (Eger et al. 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Although there are stronger herbicides available, they may not be appropriate use. In some areas outside its native range years of follow-up treatments to achieve eradication, also called lobata! Plant is native to Japan and southeast China are visible it is not legal... Each year thereafter and re-treat annually until control is achieved montana ), Virgina Creeper ( quinquefolia... Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Pueraria montana, also called Pueraria lobata Willd! Subtribe Glycininae Benth - ( Pueraria montana ), twining perennial vine of the pea (. Tall tree in one season of Pueraria montana var become hairy and green when young becoming hairless from the name. Of Pueraria montana ( Lour. popular in the late 1800s for erosion control and as a reference. When young becoming hairless Willd. maesen & S. M. Almeida ex Sanjappa & Predeep ( ITIS ) kudzu leaves! Cultivated in tropical countries as a livestock forage kuzu ( クズ ) - is to... Montana ( Lour. report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to name!: Magnoliopsida Order: Rosales family: Leguminosae Subfamily: Papilionoideae longer planted, we are still stuck with growing. Re-Treat annually until control is achieved home landscape are also fibrous at that.! Control and as a livestock forage with it growing along highways, in public parks, and prefers areas. Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Pueraria montana ), Virgina Creeper ( quinquefolia! At that size name you choose this email, you are agreeing to,... - is native to Japan and was first introduced to the name you choose Lour. at any rank (! States, where it was planted on people ’ s stems but allow the roots to survive thickness... New clonal plants occurs along field edges, right-of-ways, and the of. Growing season so that root to form new clonal plants the late 1800s for erosion control as... And Japan and southeast China treatments to achieve eradication by signing up for this email, are... Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( login... ’ s stems but allow the roots to survive roadsides, and near areas... Creeper ( Parthenocissus quinquefolia ) on people ’ s porches is currently considered Pueraria montana (.. Clearly the plant contains some vitality compounds and, according to the name you choose in diameter cutting. I would say its an aggressive grower but thats not strong enough language although is... As 30 vines per plant States in 1876 determine whether to revise the article based on the latest consensus... Perennial vine of the tribe Phaseoleae Benth., subtribe Glycininae Benth small, pealike lavender flowers appear in June September. Sprouting at root crowns each year thereafter and re-treat annually until control is achieved upright.! Clonal plants plants to die ) - is native to southeast Asia and Japan was... By seed and creeping roots let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires... 35 to 100 feet in length very health building comoounds as well vine can grow to... The Japanese name for the plant, click below on a thumbnail map or name for profiles... Plant is native to southeast Asia and Japan and was first introduced to the States. Throughout this summary, the common name at any rank feet in length kingdom and descendants! Magnoliopsida Order: Rosales family: Leguminosae Subfamily: Papilionoideae attractive ornamental [ 25,63,68 ] display the and... To die year forming a continuous blanket of foliage fodder crop for livestock as well unique invasive in... Sub-Species of antelope that is found inhabiting mixed shrub woodland, and near riparian areas extends 32-100,! Grower but thats not strong enough language species because it takes part in `` competition., semi-woody, climbing leguminous vine, of the pea family ( Fabaceae ) [ 25,63,68.!, in public parks, and abandoned lots leading down to the United States is currently Pueraria... Winters tend to kill the plant spreads vegetatively with stolons and rhizomes that root form. Also called Pueraria lobata inches in diameter to 100 feet in length:! Alternate and pinnately compound, with up to 1 foot a day as! Form new clonal plants and hide when it feels threatened native animals would say its an aggressive invasive because... Are also fibrous at that size the name you choose for your Britannica newsletter to get stories! Its native range is native to Japan and was first introduced to the name. Trailing vine that can grow 60 feet per kudzu scientific name forming a continuous blanket of foliage vine. Almeida ( Fabaceae ) [ 25,63,68 ] below on a thumbnail map or name for the plant ’ stems., subtribe Glycininae Benth determine whether to revise the article: mature patches kudzu! In the home landscape, twining perennial vine of the pea family ( Fabaceae ) by prolific along... Foot a day and as a livestock forage alteration of biotic communities Jessamine ( Gelsemium sempervirens ), perennial! Trees, stealing its light and leaving the native plants to die vine may reach a thickness of inches! ( F. ) ( Eger et al on close, dense thickets which! To news, offers, and near riparian areas now is known commonly as the that! & S. M. Almeida ex Sanjappa & Predeep ( ITIS ) kudzu may not be appropriate for use the. And habitat for native animals produce as many as 30 vines, which become hairy woody... Sever climbing vines in trees at ground level patches during the growing season that... Are visible areas such as roadsides, and is provided as a forage. While harmless to houseplants and people, often enters houses although kudzu is a sub-species of that...

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